Moko Apt

Menebar Ilmu Pengetahuan


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Tentang Blog: Terima Kasih Atas Apresiasinya

Selamat datang di Moko Apt. Saya ucapkan terima kasih kepada para pembaca atas apresiasinya terhadap blog ini. Blog ini dibuat pada bulan Juni 2008. Pada awalnya, hanya berisi abstrak karya tulis yang pernah saya buat tempo dulu. Kian lama kian berkembang ke tulisan fresh tentang marketing farmasi yang kian menarik aja untuk dibahas. Juga menghadirkan topik kesehatan terutama obat-obat yang sering dipakai di masyarakat, baik obat modern maupun obat herbal. Tulisan-tulisan di blog ini sering saya update, jadi harap pembaca tidak bosan-bosan berkunjung ke blog ini. Terima kasih atas masukan-masukan, diskusi, dan sarannya. Partisipasi aktif dari pembaca sangat diharapkan. Dan terakhir, ayo jangan takut menulis dan bagi lah pengetahuan yang Anda punyai untuk orang lain.

Sarmoko, Apt


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Burried village of Te Wairoa

Where stories of the tarawera eruption come to life. 

Violent and unexpected, the volcanic eruption of Mount Tarawera during the early hours of June 10, 1886 was one of New Zealand’s greatest natural disasters.

For more than four terrifying hours, rocks, ash and mud bombarded the peaceful village of Te Wairoa. As well as ending more than 150 lives and many livelihoods,  the eruption destroyed the eight wonder of the world, the Pink and White Terraces, and buried the staging post for travellers to the terraces, Te Wairoa Village, under two metres of thick volcanic material. In the gloom of the day the wreckage of the hotels and houses, and the burial of 8000 square kilometres of the countryside brought awe and dismay to survivors and rescuers. 

A place of exceptional beauty has been created around the fascinating remains of a settlement buried by the eruption. 

Our museum, sets of the scene

Encounter first-hand how the Tarawera eruption drastically changed the land and lives of the people of Te Wairoa. 

Take the waterfall trail if you dare

Be thrilled by the descent to the base of 30 m Wairere Falls, and stand in the spray as it thunders to thr valley below. Alternatively a flat walk is available. 

Explore the archeological site of Te Wairoa

The village,  although now peaceful and green, still reveals the devastation of the eruption. Walk amongst and enter the very sites that once housed the people of Te Wairoa. The people are gone but the spirit remains. 

Vi’s teahouse and gift store est. 1931

After you walk,  relax and enjoy delicious home baking,  excellent teas and coffee in Vi’s Teahouse. Then browse the range of gifts in our giftstore. 

Guided tours, add so much more to your visit

For a truly unique insight into the stories of the area,  take one of our optional guided tours. Tours leave at regular times throughout the day. Electronic tour devices and guide maps are available for those who prefer to self-guide. 

Fun for the whole family

There is a plenty for children to see and do around the village. They can explore the sites with Smithy’s guide map,  dig in the discovery room,  and enjoy time in the playground. 

“For over 80 years my family has restored, preserved and showcased Te Wairoa, the Buried Village. The team and I look forward to sharing the experience with you”. Pam McGrat,  3rd generation Smith family member. 


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Writing exercise 3

The bar chart shows the net worth of the UK from 2000 to 2010 according to three different sectors. 

1. The figures from UK househols remained fairly steady between 2000 and 2002 then began to increase. By 2007, UK household wealth had risen from £4500 billion to just under £7000 billion. 

2. Between 2000 and 2007, both the government and household wealth showed positive figures that gradually increased over time. 

3. While both the household and government net wealth dropped significantly in 2008, the goverment’s net worth fell so much that it actually went into negative figures in 2010.

4. Between 2000 and 2010, the total net worth of the UK followed a similar pattern to that of the households and thr government.

5. Although the net worth of businesses in the country improved from 2000 to 2002, this trend did not last long and begab to worsen again only a year later. 

6. From 2005 to 2007, although the rest of the country was experiencing (experienced) continued growth,  the wealth of businesses returned to the levels of 2000.

7. The data for the business community revealed the opposite trend to that of the rest of the country. At the same time that the wealth of households and the goverments was growing,  the wealth of businesses was declining (declined). 

A. Describing a pattern or trend in one sector: 1,5

B. Pointing out the similarities in data for two or more sectors: 2,4

C. Contrasting data from two or more sectors: 3,6,7


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Writing exercise 2

The line graph shows how much fast food is consumed by adolescent in Australua from 1975 to 2000. Overall, the consumption of hamburgers and pizza increased dramatically in the period given, whereas the consumption of fish and chips decreased. 

The consumption of hamburgers and pizza was much lower than fish and chips in 1975. However,  the consumption of hamburgers and pizza increaaed dramatically from 1975 to 1995. The greatest rise was from 1975 to 1985 and 1985 to 1995 for hamburgers and pizza,  which constituted 81 and 82 times eaten per year,  respectively. 

On the other hand,  fish and chips were less popular from year to year and this type of food became the least consumed in 2000.

Model answer maybe band 9

The line graph compares the fast food consumption of teenagers in Australia between 1975 and 2000, a period of 25 years.  Overall,  the consumption of fish and chips declined over the period,  whereas the amount of pizza and hamburgers that were eaten increased. 

In 1975, the most popular fast food with Austalian teenagers was fish and chips, being eaten 100 times a year.  This was far higher than pizza and hamburgers, which were consumed approximately five times a year.  However,  apart from a brief rise again from 1980 to 1985, the consumption of fish and chips gradually declined over the 25 year timescale to finish at just under 40.

In sharp contrast to this,  teenagers ate the other two fast foods at much higher levels. Pizza consumption increased gradually until it overtook the consumption of fish and chips in 1990. It then levelled off from 1995 to 2000. The biggest rise was seen in hamburgers as the occasions they were eaten increased sharply thorought the 1970’s and 1980’s, exceeding that of fish and chips in 1985. It finished at the same level that fish and chips began, with consumption at 100 times a year. 


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Writing exercise

The graph ilustrates the level of crime encompasses of burglary,  car theft and robbery in down town area of Newport from 2003 to 2012. Overall,  the rate of car theft fluctuated,  whereas the level of burglary decreased and level of robbery remained stable over the period given. 

In 2003, the level of burglary was the highest at approximately 3500 incidents or it was about six times bigger than the level of robbery.  The level of burglary reached a peak in 2004 at approximately 3750 incidents. Moreover,  this level decreased dramatically between 2004 and 2008. Even,  it reached the lowest level at approximately 1200 incidents in 2008. From 2008 to 2012 the level of burglary was stable ranging from 1000 to 1500 incidents. 

The level of car theft was held the second position at approximately 2800 incidents in 2003 or it was four times bigger than level of robbery.  In 2006, the level of car theft decreased sharply at approximately 2000 incidents, however it then increased and overtaken the level of burglary incidents.  In 2012, the level of car theft had the highest incidency: approximately 2800 cases. 

The level of robbery was stable in the range from 500 to 1000 incidents between 2003 to 2012. The highest and the lowest number were approximately 900 and 500 incidents in 2005 and 2008, respectively. 

Model answer maybe band 9

This graph ilustrates how crime rates altered in Newport inner city during the period 2003-2012. Overall,  the greatest change occurred in the number of burglaries, while incidents of theft remained low but steady. 

In 2003, the level of burglary was the most common crime,  with approximately 3400 reported cases. The figure rose to around 3700 in 2004, but then there was a downward trend until 2008. At this point the figure stood at just over 1000 incidents. This rose slightly in 2009, then continued to fluctuate for the remaining period. 

In 2003, the number of cars being stolen stood at around 2800 incidents and followed a similar trend to burglary until 2006. At this point the number rose,  standing at around 2200 incidents in 2007. There was a marginal decrease in the following year,  but from then on,  the trend was generally upwards. 

Finally,  robbery has always been a fairly minor problem for Newport. The number of offences committed changed little over nine years. It is interesting to note that the figure of approximately 700 incidents in 2003 is the same figure for 2012.


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Three days in Rotorua

January 28-30, 2017

Rotorua is a smelly city, and sulphurous vapour is quite strong for your nose. But, I think you will get used to it immediately and forget this stench. It is because Rotorua offers scenic (such beautiful) views from the lake and Maori culture as well.
I started my travel from Auckland on Saturday morning. After 4 hours on the Intercity Bus, I arrived in Rotorua in the afternoon. I stayed at TerumoResort Hotel, the best location close to Countdown, ATM, and bus station.
SkyLine Rotorua is the best place for gondola experience and ride on a luge. Wai-o-tapu thermal wonderland is an amazing place with colorful volcano lake.

luge-with-skyride-2

Ride a luge


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Ini Bukan MasterChef Australia

mc7_ep_48_051

Kala itu, malam sudah larut. Ruangan yang kala siang ramai dengan belasan orang, kini meninggalkan beberapa orang. Mereka terus bekerja, ga ada lelah seperti masih punya batere yang cukup untuk menghidupkan lampu ratusan watt. Seorang bocah sedang asyik mencuci semacam kertas putih kecil segiempat di kotak biru, lalu menggoyang-goyangnya perlahan. Satu orang yang selalu memakai kaos basket setiap hari, keluar dari suatu ruangan sambil membawa puluhan cawan bening berisi larutan berwarna merah. Dia mulai menggosok dasar cawan sepertinya mengambil lapisan tipis di atasnya, kemudian memindahkannya ke tabung bertutup orange. Continue reading


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Imodium untuk Diare

Suatu pagi di hari Jumat yang penuh barokah, kawan mengirim pesan via watsap:

Kawan : Mas, punya obat diare ngga ya mas. Maturnuwun

Saya : Ada pak, saya ke Sentan sekarang.

Siangnya abis sholat jumat, ketemu lagi dan dia bilang:”Wah mandi (manjur) betul ya obatnya. Cuma minum satu, ni udah ga diare lagi” dengan gayanya khas Purwokerto Banyumas.

Jadi pagi itu saya beri obat namnya Lopemin 1 mg yang isinya tak lain adalah loperamid. Di Indonesia, obat ini lebih populer dengan nama Imodium dari Jassen cilag.  Continue reading