Contoh faktor pertumbuhan yang mempengaruhi morfogenesis paru dan diferensiasi sel

  • Sonic hedgehog (SHH)

  • Retinoic Acid (RA)

  • WNT family members (WNT2/2b, 4, 7b, 5a, and R-spondin)

  • Fibroblast growth factors (FGF1, FGF7, FGF9, FGF10)

  • Bone morphogenic proteins (BMP4)

  • Transforming growth factor-β (TGFβ)

  • Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGFA, VEGFC)

  • Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGFA, PDGFB)

  • Epidermal/transforming growth factors (EGF/TGFa)

  • Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF)

  • Insulin-like growth factors (IGFI, IGF2)

  • Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF)


Kendig’s Disorders of the Respiratory Tract in Children.


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